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Lyceum .NET DNS Backdoor “DnsSystem”

Jun 24, 2022 11:22:18 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, Lyceum, Hexane, Siamese Kitten, DnsSystem, .NET DNS Backdoor

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Executive Summary

Zscaler recently reported on a new .NET DNS backdoor “DnsSystem” used by the threat actor group known as Lyceum. It is primarily used to target entities in the Middle East.

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Symbiote Linux Malware

Jun 20, 2022 9:01:49 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, Linux, Symbiote

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Executive Summary

Intezer and BlackBerry recently reported on Symbiote, a difficult to detect Linux malware that relies on existing running processes to infect a system.

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Pymafka Targets macOS, Windows, Linux

Jun 17, 2022 11:17:39 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, Windows, Linux, Python, Pymafka, Cobalt Strike

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Executive Summary

Sonatype recently reported on Pymakfa, a malicious Python package in the PyPl registry dropping Cobalt Strike on macOS, Windows, and Linux.

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Enemybot IoT Malware

Jun 13, 2022 12:47:53 PM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, Android, Linux, Enemybot, CMS

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Executive Summary

AT&T Alien Labs recently reported on Enemybot, an internet of things (IoT) malware targeting content management systems (CMS), Linux, and Android.

Key Takeaways

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Follina MSDT Vulnerability (CVE-2022-30190)

Jun 6, 2022 10:54:53 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, Windows, Follina, CVE-2022-30190, MS Office, MSDT

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Background

Microsoft recently published an advisory on a newly identified zero-day vulnerability that affects Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT). CVE-2022-30190, which is being exploited in the wild, has been dubbed Follina by industry researcher Kevin Beaumont.

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New ArguePatch Variant Spotted

May 31, 2022 12:03:49 PM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Ukraine, Russia, Threat Bulletin, CaddyWiper, Industroyer2, Sandworm, Voodoobear, ArguePatch

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Background

ESET recently tweeted about a new version of ArguePatch, a malware loader used by VooDoo Bear (Sandworm) in multiple attacks against Ukrainian assets. ESET also gave an overview of the new version of ArguePatch on their WeLiveSecurity blog.

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BPFDoor Targets Linux Systems

May 20, 2022 11:44:39 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Threat Bulletin, China, Linux, Red Menshen, BPFDoor, Telecommunications

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Background

PwC Threat Intelligence recently reported on BPFDoor, a passive network implant for Linux targeting telecommunications providers. The activity was attributed to the Chinese nexus threat actor group Red Menshen.

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Armageddon Leverages New Pterodo Variants

Apr 29, 2022 11:37:13 AM / by PolySwarm Tech Team posted in Ukraine, Russia, Threat Bulletin, Armageddon, Gameredon, Primitive Bear, Pterodo, Pteranodon

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Background

This is a continuation of our coverage of cyberattacks targeting Ukrainian entities. Earlier this year, we published a blog post describing Armageddon activity targeting Ukraine and details on their infrastructure, as reported by Palo Alto’s Unit 42. Symantec recently reported on yet another wave of Armageddon attacks, leveraging new Pterodo variants to target Ukrainian assets.

What is Pterodo?

Pterodo, also known as Pteranodon, is a backdoor RAT. Armageddon is currently using at least four distinct variants of Pterodo. The four variants analyzed all used Visual Basic Script (VBS) droppers, dropped a VBScripts file, used Scheduled Tasks to ensure persistence, and downloaded code from a C2. Additionally, all four used similar obfuscation methods. Although the variants operate similarly to one another, each communicates with a different C2. Symantec assessed the threat actors likely use multiple variants to help maintain persistence by providing a fallback C2. The variants are referred to as Backdoor.Pterodo.B, Backdoor.Pterodo.C, Backdoor.Pterodo.D, and Backdoor.Pterodo.E.


Backdoor.Pterodo.B is a modified self extracting archive unpacked using 7-Zip. It contains obfuscated VBScripts, which it adds as scheduled tasks to maintain persistence. The script also copies itself to the [USERPROFILE]\ntusers.ini file. It creates two new obfuscated VBScripts. One of the VBSCripts gathers system information and sends it to the C2, while the other copies a previously dropped ntusers.ini file to another desktop.ini file.

Backdoor.Pterodo.C also drops VBScripts on the victim machine but uses API hammering, making multiple meaningless API calls, in an attempt to evade sandbox detection. The malware unpacks a script and the file offspring.gif to C:\Users\[username]\. The variant then calls the script, which in turn runs ipconfig /flushdns and executes the offspring.gif file. Offsprint.gif downloads and executes a PowerShell script from a random subdomain of corolain[.]ru.

Backdoor.Pterodo.D is yet another VBScript dropper. It creates and executes two files. One script runs ipconfig /flushdns then calls the second script and removes the original executable. The second script , which has two layers of obfuscation, downloads and executes the final payload from declined.delivered.maizuko[.]ru.

Backdoor.Pterodo.E operates similarly to variants B and C and uses script obfuscation similar to the other variants. This variant engages in API hammering then extracts two VBScript files to the victim’s home directory.

Who is Armageddon?

Armageddon, also known as Gameredon, Shuckworm, or Primitive Bear, is currently one of the most active APT groups targeting Ukrainian assets. The group’s activity has traditionally involved espionage activity aligned with Russian interests. In November 2021, the Security Service of Ukraine (SSU) publicly linked five Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) officers based in Crimea to the group. A report by the SSU stated Armageddon has been active since at least 2014 and has engaged in multiple cyber-espionage campaigns from 2017-2021. The SSU report notes Armageddon does not typically use sophisticated TTPs and does not seem to emphasize OPSEC. Some of the other tools and TTPs used by Armageddon include spearphishing, PowerShell, UltraVNC, FileStealer, and EvilGnome.


IOCs

PolySwarm has multiple samples associated with Pterodo.

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