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Serpent Backdoor

Apr 1, 2022 1:19:34 PM / by PolySwarm Tech Team



Proofpoint recently published research on Serpent, a newly discovered backdoor malware. Proofpoint observed the malware targeting the construction, real estate, and government verticals in France.
What is Serpent?

Serpent is a backdoor malware delivered via a unique attack chain. The threat actors used phishing emails with macro-enabled Microsoft Word documents and a GDPR themed lure as the initial attack vector. When the macro in the Word document executes, it reaches out to an image containing a base64 encoded PowerShell script hidden using steganography. The PowerShell script is used to download, update, and distribute the Chocolatey installer package. Chocolatey then installs Python, pip, and PySocks. The script then fetches a second image that uses steganography to hide a base64 encoded Python script. It saves the script as, which then creates and executes a .bat file that executes a Python script, Serpent backdoor. The malware was dubbed Serpent due to the presence of snake ASCII art in the VBA macro.

Serpent periodically pings the C2 server and expects responses of the form <random integer>--<hostname>--<command>. If <hostname> matches the hostname of the victim computer, the infected host runs any Windows command sent by the attacker and records the output. Serpent then uses Termbin to paste the output to a bin, receives the bin’s unique URL, and sends the request to a second C2, allowing the attacker to monitor the bin outputs to see the infected host’s response.

In addition to the unique attack chain used, the threat actors also employed what Proofpoint calls a “novel application” of signed binary proxy execution using schtasks.exe in an attempt to evade detection. While Proofpoint did not determine the threat actor’s objectives, they stated that the attacks appear to be targeted and assessed that the threat actors have advanced capabilities.


PolySwarm has multiple samples associated with Serpent.



You can use the following CLI command to search for all Serpent samples in our portal:

$ polyswarm link list -f Serpent

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Topics: Threat Bulletin, Serpent, Chocolatey, Backdoor, Python

PolySwarm Tech Team

Written by PolySwarm Tech Team

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